Example of usage

CREODIAS FOR AIR QUALITY

 

Atmosphere (CAMS) and climate (C3S) dedicated Copernicus Services products together with acquired satellite imagery can have a vast range of applications. CREODIAS provides immediate online access to these products for further usage depending on the user’s requirements. One of the currently important and pending social needs is finding a solution for air pollution problems.

The state of atmosphere is a factor and an indicator of both long-term climate changes and current life quality. This is why physical definition of weather and climate are:

Weather: state of atmosphere described by multidimensional variables in given space and time,

Climate: condition of atmosphere in given point but for long time span.

Earth Observation techniques can provide an important input for understanding both aspects and can be treated as investigation of individual aspects as well as covering global parametrizations of the atmosphere variables. Good example is a full archive of Sentinel-5P data and NRT (Near Real Time) available on CREODIAS. The satellite carrying the TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) onboard is a source of Level-1B and L2 products:

  • Total Columns of Ozone (Near Real Time production),
  • Nitrogen Dioxide,
  • Carbon Monoxide,
  • Cloud & Aerosol information,
  • Total Columns of Ozone (Offline production),
  • Formaldehyde,
  • Sulphur Dioxide,
  • Total Columns of Tropospheric Ozone,
  • Total Columns of Methane.

 

METHANE FROM SPACE

Sentinel-5P air quality indicating products are widely used for human health analysis but also for monitoring the consequences of global urbanization and industrialization. It provides the most accurate and current information about the emission of methane (in its category). Methane is crucial for climate change due to  its effect which is even more detrimental than CO2. It has about 25 times greater impact compared to CO2 on greenhouse coupling. Methane is emitted by both natural and man-made sources. Industrial development brought a significant increase of its content in the atmosphere. Oil and gas industry is one of the main contributors. Satellite observation systems give hope for proper monitoring providing the tool and solution. The good news is that Methane remains in the atmosphere for about 10 years (much shorter than CO2). Deeper understanding of its role in the greenhouse cycle will therefore let us act to mitigate impact of industrialisation on Earth’s atmosphere. A consciously devised strategy can reduce the risk of permanent climate changes leading to deterioration of the environment, and the right mitigation policy can be beneficial for today’s generation.

 

EO SOLUTION FOR GAS & OIL MONITORING

Sentinel-5P (S-5P) operating within the Copernicus Programme offers free and open satellite data from October 2017. Copernicus long distance planning perspective assures the mission continuity as well as complementary missions (CO2M, GeoCarb). Sentinel-5P captures all the Earth’s surface every day, sun-synchronous orbit assures repetition of the same location observation in the same day time. The time of acquisition is constant (for commercial VHR it is possible to task). S-5P products are available at spatial resolution starting from 7 km – too low for a detailed methane leakage detection, but sufficient for general studies aiming at monitoring and analysing the causes, trends, forecasts and hot spots surveillance. 

 

SENTINEL-5P

S-5P spectral resolution ranges from ultraviolet, to visible and near infrared to the medium infrared electromagnetic wave spectrum. The TROPOMI sensor monitors the atmosphere which includes aerosol content related to the Gas & Oil industry such as methane (CH4). Methane total column product (L2_CH4) generates the most detailed satellite dataset available for continuous monitoring of CH4. L2_CH4 data is accessible operationally from March 2019, the new acquisitions are available about 5 days after the observation. All S-5P data including L2_CH4 products is available on CREODIAS.

 

Below the example results of search Mehtane products in CREODIAS Browser.

 

VERY HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGERY FOR AIR POLLUTION

GHGSat is a new commercially available satellite system providing VHR data sources for methane monitoring analysis aimed at oil and gas industry. Below you can find a visualisation of an example of usage for Queensland in November 2020.

 

SATELLITE POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS

CREODIAS as a heterogenous data source is a perfect place for testing and implementing any solution for atmospheric monitoring. The latest technology with expert knowledge implemented on CloudFerro cloud infrastructure can deliver tools for better management of atmosphere hazards such as methane from oil & gas sector. A solution can be provided to global players, decision makers, governments, environmental organizations, emitters or anyone concerned about air quality and mitigating climate changes. CREODIAS can also serve as a dissemination tool with a ready to use platform to visualise and distribute results.

The idea is to use available techniques both satellite and in-situ for the innovative applications in Oil & Gas industry. Those could be:

  • large area methane detection
  • high precision leak detection
  • pipeline planning
  • compliance reporting
  • smart maintenance
  • threat detection

 

CREODIAS CONFIDENCE AND SAFETY

The implementation of any idea on CREODIAS is scalable in an easy way for different regions. The user can modify and adjust created cloud application to any personal or local needs. What is important, CloudFerro, the operator of CREODIAS, is a fully European company subject to EU laws and regulations. Moreover, all the cloud services and applications are hosted in data centres located in the European Union countries and are managed by local European staff. All this makes CloudFerro’s service highly secure and reliable, which is particularly significant for Oil & Gas industry specification.

Earth Observation data can be applied in many aspects of life on our planet. It is assumed that it can also support decision makers improving future management of the atmosphere and help solve energy sector problems. EO applications can take modern industry to the next level of environmental awareness making it more eco-friendly and conscious.

 

 

Authors: Sylwia Nasiłowska & Jerzy Konarski, CloudFerro